Hey ISP’s! OK, you had delivered 100 Mbit/s to customers house, but can he really utilize that? Or he just connects all to 11 Mbit/s router and use ASUS eepc netbook?
Both FTTH and FTTN are providing the delivery of the triple-play services to the home network. Those services usually include video, broadband and VoIP. Managing all of that at the same time would require some new solutions that are desired to use standards of the industry.
Network solutions of FTTH and FTTN are similar after the physical layer is terminated which allows optimizing the design applicable for both types.
Both solutions are having traffic routed to a STB or to a PC on home LAN after it has been delivered to the Residential Gateway (RG). FTTH solution is to deliver the traffic from the 100 Mbps Ethernet port on ONT through CAT5 to the RG. For the FTTN it would use VDSL as the physical layer and is using either CAT3 or the COAX for the connection between the RG and the telephone interface.
Customer demands after traffic reached the RG might be very high and require progressive solution. Usual requirements are multiple PC locations with high broadband and up to four TVs requiring HDTV service. Wireless solution is not acceptable since it could not provide required speed and quality. Reusing the existing inside wires is a must, since it reduces costs and doesnt require running all new CAT5.
Video service would be using Ethernet over COAX technique that can provide required bandwidth and in most scenarios the wiring to TV locations is already done. In case if customer wants to relocate the TV some additional wiring will be required.
Data distribution solution would be the usage of existing telephone twisted pair for the HPNA and 802.11 wireless.
In the home architecture support of the VoIP is having highest priority for both downstream and upstream handling allowing full conversation of all services through the IP at any time.